Identification of volatile bioactive compounds from the pericarp and seed extracts of Alpinia mutica Roxb. by GC–MS analysis


  • Meranee Kidruangphokin Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok 65000, Thailand
  • Surat Boonphong Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok 65000, Thailand
  • Nungruthai Suphrom Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok 65000, Thailand and Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Center of Excellence for Innovation in Chemistry, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok 65000, Thailand
  • Tanatsaporn Nabnian Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok 65000, Thailand
  • Phatsadeeporn Piankarn Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok 65000, Thailand


Alpinia mutica, bioactive compounds, GC–MS, orchid ginger, pericarp, seed, volatile component


Alpinia mutica Roxb. is a perennial rhizomatous herbaceous plant of the family Zingiberaceae. The fruits of this plant are commonly used in traditional East Asian medicines. While the phytochemicals of whole A. mutica fruits have been previously investigated, the chemical constituents of two parts of the plant, the pericarp and the seed, have not been examined separately. Therefore, the goal of this study was to identify the volatile constituents of A. mutica pericarps and seeds. Each part was extracted with dichloromethane, and the extract was further analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectroscopy (GC–MS). Seventeen compounds were identified in different parts of the A. mutica fruit. Slightly different chemical profiles were observed for the pericarp and seed extracts. The main volatile component of the pericarp extract was a diarylheptanoid, specifically 1,7-diphenyl-4,6-heptadien-3-one (45.28%). The most abundant volatile components in the seed extract sample were 5,6-dehydrokawain (64.94%), pinocembrin (22.51%), and farnesol (9.18%). This is the first report of the difference between the chemical components of the A. mutica pericarp and seed. Moreover, the phytochemical studies and the compounds identified by GC–MS showed that the A. mutica pericarp and seed contain important bioactive compounds, which have been reported as having anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective effects. The outcome of this study was the creation of fingerprint analysis based on the GC–MS data and the preliminary identification of the chemical components in A. mutica pericarps and seeds, which is related to the reported biological activities and use of the A. mutica fruit.


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How to Cite

Kidruangphokin, M. ., Boonphong, S. ., Suphrom, N. ., Nabnian, T. ., & Piankarn, P. . (2023). Identification of volatile bioactive compounds from the pericarp and seed extracts of Alpinia mutica Roxb. by GC–MS analysis. Journal of Current Science and Technology, 12(2), 306–314. Retrieved from



Research Article