Assessment of irrigation and agricultural potential of the Sone command area in Bihar, India applying geospatial techniques


  • K. Praveen Civil Engineering Department, National Institute of Technology Patna, Bihar, 800005, India
  • L. B. Roy Civil Engineering Department, National Institute of Technology Patna, Bihar, 800005, India


agricultural potential, aridity index, geospatial techniques, irrigation potential, Sone command area


Agriculture and related industries provide the main source of income for more than 58% of India's population. Sustainable agriculture will provide the long-term benefits required for resource development and mitigation. Evaluating the irrigation and agricultural potential for successful agricultural management is necessary. Recent studies have concentrated on evaluating the irrigation potential (IP) of canal networks as well as the agricultural potential of the Sone command area in Bihar, India. The IP of the canals was evaluated by using the high-resolution SRTM data and the canal length was acquired from the Google Earth Pro tool, whereas the agricultural potential was calculated by using six factors such as slope, precipitation, water holding capacity, soil depth, aridity index, and LANDSAT-8 data. The proposed irrigation potential under the main canal, the branch canals and the distributaries provided by the field is 653.67 thousand Ha and the satellite proposed irrigation potential created is 654.414 thousand Ha. The difference between the proposed IP and the Satellite is744 Ha per the assessment. Due to land acquisition issues, there are gaps in the IP minors and distributaries. Based on the study, the central command area has the highest agricultural potential. The results reveal that an area of 647.85 thousand Ha has the maximum water demand, which indicates that the area has a low aridity index, a low slope and shallow clayey soil. Despite traditional methods, this methodology uses high-resolution geospatial data, which is more reliable and scientific and will help develop a logical decision-making system for the effective management of accessible surface water for the irrigation purpose in the study area.


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How to Cite

K. Praveen, & L. B. Roy. (2023). Assessment of irrigation and agricultural potential of the Sone command area in Bihar, India applying geospatial techniques. Journal of Current Science and Technology, 12(3), 568–581. Retrieved from



Research Article